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Human capital formation is the process of developing and investing in human resources through education, training, and skill development. It is essential for economic growth and development as it leads to increased productivity, innovation, and competitiveness. In the case of India, human capital formation is of great importance due to the following reasons:

  1. Large population: India has a large population, and its demographic dividend can only be realized if its people are educated, skilled, and employable. Human capital formation is crucial for providing employment opportunities and enabling economic growth.

  2. Skills gap: Despite having a large workforce, India faces a skills gap in its workforce. Human capital formation can help address this gap by developing skills that are in demand and relevant to the economy.

  3. Global competition: In today's globalized world, India faces stiff competition from other countries. To remain competitive, India needs to develop its human capital to increase productivity, innovation, and efficiency.

  4. Innovation: Human capital formation is critical for promoting innovation and entrepreneurship in India. By investing in education, training, and research, India can create a pool of talented individuals who can drive innovation and create new opportunities for growth.

  5. Social development: Human capital formation is also important for social development. Educated and skilled individuals are better equipped to make informed decisions, contribute to society, and improve their standard of living.

In conclusion, human capital formation is essential for India's economic growth, competitiveness, and social development. By investing in education, training, and skill development, India can create a pool of talented individuals who can contribute to the country's progress and prosperity.

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